The Birth of the United States Post Office – During early colonial times most correspondence happened between the colonists and England. The King’s authorities would read and scour all the information and mail that was being sent. Correspondence between the colonies depended on trusted friends, merchants, or friendly Native Americans.
Around 1639 Richard Fairbanks’ Tavern in Boston, Massachusetts was designated because the official repository of mail by The General Court of Massachusetts (appointed by the King). Using taverns as mail drops was common practice in England, and also the colonists adopted this practice as well. Local authorities designated by town representatives and Post Office Near Me in the colonies, many of which are still around today.
In 1673, Governor Francis Lovelace of New York set up a monthly mailing post between Ny and Boston. The post rider’s trail became referred to as Old Boston Post Road, which can be part of today’s U.S. Route 1. Old Post Road in North Attleborough, Massachusetts was part of this rider’s trail and it is considered one of the oldest roads in America.
In 1683, William Penn, founder of Pennsylvania and a leader within the Quaker community, established its’ first post office. Slaves or private messengers delivered communications from a single plantation to another.
Above all, Thomas Neale received a twenty-twelve months grant in 1691 through the British Crown to start a North American postal service. Neale had never laid foot on North American soil, so he appointed then Governor Andrew Hamilton of brand new Jersey as his Deputy Postmaster General. Neale’s franchise cost him only 80 cents a year. In 1699, he assigned his interests in America over to Andrew Hamilton and R. West. Neale died heavily in debt as a result of this endeavor.
By 1707, the British Government had purchased the rights to the North American postal service from your widow of Andrew Hamilton and R. West. The federal government then appointed Andrew Hamilton’s son, Andrew, as Deputy Postmaster General of America. He served until 1721 when he was succeeded by John Lloyd of Charleston, South Carolina.
In 1730, Alexander Spotswood, a former lieutenant governor of Virginia, became Deputy Postmaster General for America. Seven years later, Spotswood appointed Benjamin Franklin as postmaster of Philadelphia. In 1753, Bejamin Franklin and William Hunter who was postmaster of Williamsburg, Virginia, were appointed from the British Crown as Joint Postmasters for that colonies. Upon Hunter’s death in 1761, a man called John Foxcroft of brand new York succeeded him, serving until the outbreak in the Revolutionary War.
Throughout his time as being a Joint Postmaster General for your Crown, Benjamin Franklin influenced many important and lasting improvements in the colonial posts. He immediately began to reorganize the service; he inspected Liteblue.Usps.Gov within the North and as far south as Virginia. New surveys were made, milestones were placed on principal roads, and new and shorter routes were presented. The very first time, post riders carried mail at night between Philadelphia and Ny, as well as the travel time was shortened by 50 percent.
William Goddard, a publisher, set up a post for colonial only mail service. This was separate from the British crown and was funded by getting subscriptions. Net revenues were to be used to enhance his postal service. In 1774 Goddard suggested to Congress that the colonies combine to form a United Postal Service. He considered that this is a means to separate the colonies’ mail from your British postal inspectors. By doing this they might communicate colonial news simply to the colonies. Goddard proposed his concept of a postal company to Congress a couple of years before the Declaration of Independence was signed
By 1774 colonists failed to trust the British crown and viewed the royal post office with suspicion. Benjamin Franklin had been dismissed of his post duties through the Crown for his actions. The crown thought that Franklin was displaying sympathy to the reason for the colonies. In September 1774, shortly after the Boston riots, known today as the Boston Massacre, the colonies began to separate from England. A Continental Congress was organized at Philadelphia in May 1775 to establish a completely independent government. One of the first questions before the delegates was the best way to convey and provide you with the mail.
With the Revolutionary War imminent, the Continental Congress assembled and enacted the “Constitutional Post.” This act ensured that communications in between the public and patriots, or those fighting for America’s independence, continued. On July 26, 1775, the Second Continental Congress chose Benjamin Franklin since the nation’s first Postmaster General. The establishment in the organization that became the Post Office Holiday Hours nearly two centuries later traces back to this particular date and Ben Franklin. In 1760, Franklin reported a surplus to the British Postmaster General.
Franklin dedicated himself in this particular position, as well as many others, to meet George Washington’s dream of an information highway in between the citizens and government. Like Goddard, whose idea was to become united, Washington believed, that as being a nation, we could forever be bound together by a communication system of roads. When Franklin left office in November of 1776, post fkjiwq operated from Florida to Canada and mail involving the colonies and England was operating on a regular schedule.
America’s present day postal service descends from an unbroken line from the system Franklin created, planned, and placed in operation. History rightfully affords him major credit for establishing the cornerstone in the postal service that has performed magnificently for the American people.